The Gunas – Satva, Rajas and Tamas

The Yogi separates himself from the three gunas (qualities) and attains kaivalya (liberation). By increasing the satvic modifications of the mind such as kṣama (patience), love, mercy, magnanimity, generosity, truthfulness, celibacy, you can destroy the rajasic and tamasic mental vrttis. Internal fight is ever going on between gunas – satva, rajas and tamas, between good…

Two Kinds of Samadhi

Samadhi  means  super-conscious  state,  wherein  the  yogi  gets super-sensual experiences. Samadhi is of two kinds viz., sarhprajnata or sabīja or savikalpa, and asamprajnata or nirbīja or nirvikalpa. In savikalpa samadhi, there are triputi (triad) – the knower, knowledge and knowable. There is ālaṁbana (support) for the mind to lean upon. The samskāras (tendencies) are not…

Kinds of Meditation

Meditation is of two kinds, viz., concrete and abstract. If you meditate on any picture of concrete object, it is concrete meditation. If you meditate on an abstract idea, on any quality (such as mercy, tolerance), it is abstract meditation. A beginner should practise concrete meditation. For some, abstract meditation is more easy than concrete.…

Concentration is the Only Way

For a neophyte, the practice of concentration is disgusting and tiring in the beginning. He has to cut new grooves in the mind and brain. After some months he will get great interest in concentration. He will enjoy a new kind of happiness, the concentration-ananda. He will become restless if he fails to enjoy this…

Train the Mind in Concentration

Retire into a quiet room; sit on padmasana. Close your eyes. See what happens when you concentrate on an apple. You may think of its colour, shape, size and its different parts such as skin, pulp, seeds, etc. You may think of the places (Australia or Kashmir) where from it is imported. You may think…

Practice Concentration

When hatha yogis concentrate their minds on the six supports (the sad cakras), they concentrate their minds on the respective presiding deities also, viz., Ganesa, Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra, Tsvara and Sadasiva. Control the breath through pranayama. Subdue the senses through pratyahara. And then fix the mind either on a form or the formless Brahman. According…

How to Concentrate

You can concentrate internally on any of the seven plexus or chakras or centres of spiritual energy, or at the tip of the nose, or tip of the tongue or externally on the picture of any devata (deity), Hari, Hara, Krishna or Devi. You can concentrate on the tick-tick sound of a watch or the…

Concentration

Dhāranā (concentration) is fixing the mind on an idea or a point or object either internal or external. It is very difficult to say where concentration ends and meditation begins. Meditation follows concentration. Purify the mind first through the practice of yama (self control) and niyama (discipline). Then take to the practice of dharana. Concentration…

Sensual Pleasure is Momentary

Pleasure that is derived from sensual objects gives pain to one who discriminates. Worldly-minded persons who have lost the faculty of discrimination, rejoice in sensual objects on account of lack of discrimination. They weep in old age. You weep when you are born. You weep when you die. You weep in the interval also. Where…

See the External Universe

When you are deeply engaged in solving a mathematical problem, you do not hear any sound though your friends shout loudly by your side. Tram-cars and motor-cars run about in the street. If you are deeply engaged in something, you do not hear them. Why? Because your mind was not linked with the organ of…

The Real Perceiver

Modification of mind is known as pariṇāma. When milk is changed into curd, it is also pariṇāma. Even so the mind gets modified into a vrtti by assuming the form of the object it perceives. Knowledge of perception is a kind of transformation (pariṇāma) of the mind. Some people sleep with their eyes open. The…