Train the Mind in Concentration

Retire into a quiet room; sit on padmasana. Close your eyes. See what happens when you concentrate on an apple. You may think of its colour, shape, size and its different parts such as skin, pulp, seeds, etc. You may think of the places (Australia or Kashmir) where from it is imported. You may think…

How to Concentrate

You can concentrate internally on any of the seven plexus or chakras or centres of spiritual energy, or at the tip of the nose, or tip of the tongue or externally on the picture of any devata (deity), Hari, Hara, Krishna or Devi. You can concentrate on the tick-tick sound of a watch or the…

Concentration

Dhāranā (concentration) is fixing the mind on an idea or a point or object either internal or external. It is very difficult to say where concentration ends and meditation begins. Meditation follows concentration. Purify the mind first through the practice of yama (self control) and niyama (discipline). Then take to the practice of dharana. Concentration…

Sensual Pleasure is Momentary

Pleasure that is derived from sensual objects gives pain to one who discriminates. Worldly-minded persons who have lost the faculty of discrimination, rejoice in sensual objects on account of lack of discrimination. They weep in old age. You weep when you are born. You weep when you die. You weep in the interval also. Where…

See the External Universe

When you are deeply engaged in solving a mathematical problem, you do not hear any sound though your friends shout loudly by your side. Tram-cars and motor-cars run about in the street. If you are deeply engaged in something, you do not hear them. Why? Because your mind was not linked with the organ of…

The Real Perceiver

Modification of mind is known as pariṇāma. When milk is changed into curd, it is also pariṇāma. Even so the mind gets modified into a vrtti by assuming the form of the object it perceives. Knowledge of perception is a kind of transformation (pariṇāma) of the mind. Some people sleep with their eyes open. The…

Processes in the Mind-stuff

The thinking principle is a comprehensive expression equivalent to the Sanskrit term antaḥkaraṇa. antaḥkaraṇa is a broad term used in Vedanta. It includes manas (mind), buddhi (intellect), citta and ahamkara (egoism or self-asserting principle). The one mind assumes the three other forms, buddhi, citta and aharhkara according to the different functions it performs (vṛittibheḏa), just…

Thought is a Great Force

Thought is as much a thing as the yonder piece of stone. It has weight, colour, shape, size and form. Thought is a dynamic force. It is caused by the vibrations of psychic prar:a (sukðma prana) on the mental substance. It is a force like gravitation, cohesion or repulsion. Thought travels or moves. Thought has…

Laugh at It and Be Brave

Question: I have a vision defect which, with other problems, leads to despair and a feeling that I am only awaiting death. What can I do? Answer: What a pity. Why should you await death? Don’t think that seeing with the eyes is the most important thing. Do you think people who can see well…

A Vrtti is a ‘whirlpool’ in the mind-lake

Vrtti literally means a whirlpool. It is a thought-wave in the lake of citta. Citta is the mind-stuff or mental substance. It takes various forms. These forms constitute vrttis. It gets transformed or modified (parinama). These transformations and modifications are the thought- waves, whirlpools or vrttis. If the citta thinks of a mango, the vrtti…

The Yogic System

Now I proceed to explain the system of yoga philosophy in brief and bring home to the readers the salient and vital points in the yogic system. Yoga teaches how to control the vrttis (thought-waves) of the mind and get freedom. Yoga teaches how to curb the outgoing mind and attain one’s pure state of…